Examining Current Global Actions Taken Towards Climate Change

By Toby Tunwase

An extremely complicated issue facing us nowadays is climate change. It affects every country on every continent, disrupts economies and life as well. It involves many dimensions, including science, economics, society, and politics, to mention a few. Climate change is a crisis caused locally, but it cumulates to a global problem.

Image credit: nationalgeographic.com

Climate change can either be mitigated or adapted to. Mitigation seeks to prevent major interference by people on the climate. There are global climate change mitigation measures in place to reduce emissions and stabilize the levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Additional energy efficiency improvements, carbon capture, and alternative energy sources are also helpful. Furthermore, To limit the destructive effects of rising temperatures, climate change policies must be integrated into national development plans.

Image credit: Forbes.com

Adapting to life in a changing climate is very important and involves adjusting to tangible or probable future climate change. Adaptation actions for agriculture, forestry, energy, human settlement have been strengthened to diminish the adverse impacts on water and coastal zones. As climate change proceeds, we hope to reduce our exposure to negative effects, including sea-level rise, extreme weather events, and food shortages. The climate changes, and we adapt to it. However, the faster the change, the more adaptability becomes difficult. 

Throughout the world, communities are working to build defenses against potential floods, prepare for heatwaves, and install water-permeable streets to protect themselves from flooding. With the Paris Agreement in play (a pledge of 195 countries to truly reduce emissions until 2030), we might yet tackle this challenge.